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Tags: 16.04   upgrade   kernel   grub  
Link: 🔍 See Original Answer on Ask Ubuntu 🔗

URL: https://askubuntu.com/q/1030377
Title: Unable to upgrade kernel after 4.16.3
ID: /2018/05/01/Unable-to-upgrade-kernel-after-4.16.3
Created: May 1, 2018    Edited:  October 28, 2018
Upload: November 24, 2022    Layout:  post
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October 28, 2018 Update

For dkms support of nVidia, bbswitch and virtual box compiling use:

sudo apt install libelf-dev

To circumvent newer linux-header installation errors download: libssl1.1

Download the newer kernels you want and your ~/Downloads should look like this:

$ ll *.deb
-rw-rw-r-- 1 rick rick  1128420 Oct 28 08:33 libssl1.1_1.1.0g-2ubuntu4.1_amd64.deb
-rw-rw-r-- 1 rick rick 10741128 Oct 28 08:05 linux-headers-4.14.78-041478_4.14.78-041478.201810200529_all.deb
-rw-rw-r-- 1 rick rick  1052200 Oct 28 08:05 linux-headers-4.14.78-041478-generic_4.14.78-041478.201810200529_amd64.deb
-rw-rw-r-- 1 rick rick  8243552 Oct 28 08:05 linux-image-unsigned-4.14.78-041478-generic_4.14.78-041478.201810200529_amd64.deb
-rw-rw-r-- 1 rick rick 47559380 Oct 28 08:06 linux-modules-4.14.78-041478-generic_4.14.78-041478.201810200529_amd64.deb

Now you should be able to successfully install:

sudo dpkg -i *.deb
## ```




# Original Answer

Kernels `4.14.xx`, `4.16.xx` and `4.17.rc(xx)` all share the same bug over this last week; April 24-30, 2018.

I just tried `4.14.38` tonight and it exhibits the same errors as `4.14.36` and `4.14.37` as documented in this [bug report][3].

In my case tonight the errors are:

$ sudo dpkg -i *.deb Selecting previously unselected package linux-headers-4.14.38-041438. (Reading database … 641792 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack linux-headers-4.14.38-041438_4.14.38-041438.201804300419_all.deb … Unpacking linux-headers-4.14.38-041438 (4.14.38-041438.201804300419) … Selecting previously unselected package linux-headers-4.14.38-041438-generic. Preparing to unpack linux-headers-4.14.38-041438-generic_4.14.38-041438.201804300419_amd64.deb … Unpacking linux-headers-4.14.38-041438-generic (4.14.38-041438.201804300419) … Selecting previously unselected package linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic. Preparing to unpack linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic_4.14.38-041438.201804300419_amd64.deb … Unpacking linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic (4.14.38-041438.201804300419) … Selecting previously unselected package linux-modules-4.14.38-041438-generic. Preparing to unpack linux-modules-4.14.38-041438-generic_4.14.38-041438.201804300419_amd64.deb … Unpacking linux-modules-4.14.38-041438-generic (4.14.38-041438.201804300419) … Setting up linux-headers-4.14.38-041438 (4.14.38-041438.201804300419) … dpkg: dependency problems prevent configuration of linux-headers-4.14.38-041438-generic: linux-headers-4.14.38-041438-generic depends on libssl1.1 (>= 1.1.0); however: Package libssl1.1 is not installed.

dpkg: error processing package linux-headers-4.14.38-041438-generic (–install): dependency problems - leaving unconfigured Setting up linux-modules-4.14.38-041438-generic (4.14.38-041438.201804300419) … Setting up linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic (4.14.38-041438.201804300419) … /var/lib/dpkg/info/linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic.postinst: 50: /var/lib/dpkg/info/linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic.postinst: linux-update-symlinks: not found dpkg: error processing package linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic (–install): subprocess installed post-installation script returned error exit status 127 Errors were encountered while processing: linux-headers-4.14.38-041438-generic linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic


To fix errors I tried `sudo apt install -f` but it won't fix it plus causes a "crash report":

[![Kernel 4.14.38 crash.png][4]][4]

Using [`sudo rm-kernels`][5] I removed `4.14.38` as much as I could:

[![remove 4.14.38 kernel][6]][6]

This time around only the headers were successfully removed:

The following packages will be REMOVED: linux-headers-4.14.38-041438* 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 1 to remove and 2 not upgraded. 1 not fully installed or removed. After this operation, 74.6 MB disk space will be freed. Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y (Reading database … 665813 files and directories currently installed.) Removing linux-headers-4.14.38-041438 (4.14.38-041438.201804300419) … Setting up linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic (4.14.38-041438.201804300419) … /var/lib/dpkg/info/linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic.postinst: 50: /var/lib/dpkg/info/linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic.postinst: linux-update-symlinks: not found dpkg: error processing package linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic (–configure): subprocess installed post-installation script returned error exit status 127 Errors were encountered while processing: linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)


Now let's see what is left over:

$ apt list | grep 4.14.36

WARNING: apt does not have a stable CLI interface. Use with caution in scripts.

linux-image-unsigned-4.14.36-041436-generic/now 4.14.36-041436.201804240906 amd64 [residual-config]


Let's try to remove it:

$ sudo apt remove linux-modules-4.14.38-041438-generic Reading package lists… Done Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: bbswitch-dkms dkms gdm libjansson4 libxnvctrl0 linux-gcp-tools-4.10.0-1008 linux-gcp-tools-4.10.0-1009 linux-headers-4.4.0-103 linux-headers-4.4.0-103-generic linux-image-4.4.0-103-generic linux-image-extra-4.4.0-103-generic linux-tools-4.10.0-1008-gcp linux-tools-4.10.0-1009-gcp nvidia-prime nvidia-settings python-compizconfig python-pyudev screen-resolution-extra Use ‘sudo apt autoremove’ to remove them. The following packages will be REMOVED: linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic linux-modules-4.14.38-041438-generic 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 2 to remove and 2 not upgraded. After this operation, 296 MB disk space will be freed. Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y (Reading database … 641771 files and directories currently installed.) Removing linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic (4.14.38-041438.201804300419) … /var/lib/dpkg/info/linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic.prerm: 11: /var/lib/dpkg/info/linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic.prerm: linux-check-removal: not found dpkg: error processing package linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic (–remove): subprocess installed pre-removal script returned error exit status 127 dpkg: linux-modules-4.14.38-041438-generic: dependency problems, but removing anyway as you requested: linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic depends on linux-modules-4.14.38-041438-generic.

Removing linux-modules-4.14.38-041438-generic (4.14.38-041438.201804300419) … Errors were encountered while processing: linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)


Edit the file `/var/lib/dpkg/info/linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic.prerm`:

``` sh

<a id="hdr2"></a>
<div class="hdr-bar">  <a href="#">Top</a>  <a href="#hdr1">ToS</a>  <a href="#hdr3">Skip</a></div>

# !/bin/sh
set -e

version=4.14.38-041438-generic
image_path=/boot/vmlinuz-$version
    (... SNIP ...)

Just below the first line #!/bin/sh insert a new line:

exit 0

Save the file and rerun the failed command:

$ sudo apt remove linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
  bbswitch-dkms dkms gdm libjansson4 libxnvctrl0 linux-gcp-tools-4.10.0-1008
  linux-gcp-tools-4.10.0-1009 linux-headers-4.4.0-103 linux-headers-4.4.0-103-generic
  linux-image-4.4.0-103-generic linux-image-extra-4.4.0-103-generic
  linux-tools-4.10.0-1008-gcp linux-tools-4.10.0-1009-gcp nvidia-prime nvidia-settings
  python-compizconfig python-pyudev screen-resolution-extra
Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove them.
The following packages will be REMOVED:
  linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 1 to remove and 2 not upgraded.
After this operation, 8,663 kB disk space will be freed.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y
(Reading database ... 635588 files and directories currently installed.)
Removing linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic (4.14.38-041438.201804300419) ...
/var/lib/dpkg/info/linux-image-unsigned-4.14.38-041438-generic.postrm ... removing pending trigger
/etc/kernel/postrm.d/initramfs-tools:
update-initramfs: Deleting /boot/initrd.img-4.14.38-041438-generic
/etc/kernel/postrm.d/zz-update-grub:
Generating grub configuration file ...
Found background: /home/rick/Pictures/1600x900/19.jpg
Found background image: /home/rick/Pictures/1600x900/19.jpg
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.14.34-041434-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.14.34-041434-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.14.31-041431-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.14.31-041431-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.14.30-041430-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.14.30-041430-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.14.27-041427-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.14.27-041427-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.14.15-041415-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.14.15-041415-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.14.10-041410-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.14.10-041410-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.14.4-041404-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.14.4-041404-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.14.2-041402-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.14.2-041402-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.13.9-041309-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.13.9-041309-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.10.0-42-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.10.0-42-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.9.77-040977-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.9.77-040977-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-104-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.4.0-104-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-103-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.4.0-103-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-3.16.53-031653-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-3.16.53-031653-generic
Found Windows Boot Manager on /dev/nvme0n1p2@/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi
Found Ubuntu 18.04 LTS (18.04) on /dev/nvme0n1p8
Found Windows Boot Manager on /dev/sda1@/efi/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi
Adding boot menu entry for EFI firmware configuration
done

Double check everything is ok:

$ sudo apt install -f
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
  bbswitch-dkms dkms gdm libjansson4 libxnvctrl0 linux-gcp-tools-4.10.0-1008
  linux-gcp-tools-4.10.0-1009 linux-headers-4.4.0-103 linux-headers-4.4.0-103-generic
  linux-image-4.4.0-103-generic linux-image-extra-4.4.0-103-generic
  linux-tools-4.10.0-1008-gcp linux-tools-4.10.0-1009-gcp nvidia-prime nvidia-settings
  python-compizconfig python-pyudev screen-resolution-extra
Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove them.
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 2 not upgraded.

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