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May 18, 2018
Edited: June 12, 2020
September 20, 2023
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DKMS (Dynamic Kernel Module Support) automatically installs
make in order to compile kernel modules from manufacturer’s source code. It’s often necessary to compile source for some WiFi Drivers, Graphics cards, etc.
$ gcc --version gcc (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.9) 5.4.0 20160609 Copyright (C) 2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. $ g++ --version g++ (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.9) 5.4.0 20160609 Copyright (C) 2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. $ make --version GNU Make 4.1 Built for x86_64-pc-linux-gnu Copyright (C) 1988-2014 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html> This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
You are definitely correct that
git is not installed by default however I don’t consider it a programming language, more of a library system.
Development Tools included by default
The preferred (IMO) methods of development within the Ubuntu family is using interpretive languages like Bash, Python and Perl. These are all installed by default. With additional GUI interfaces such as
yad (this one requires manual installation), there is more than enough development tools to keep people busy learning and experimenting.