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Tags: power-management   hibernate   ups   nut  
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Title: execute script on low UPS power
ID: /2019/07/13/execute-script-on-low-UPS-power
Created: July 13, 2019
Upload: November 24, 2022    Layout:  post
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Ubuntu automatically keeps track of all batteries status:

Ubuntu Batteries Statuses

The same information displayed in the GUI screen above can also be accessed from your terminal / shell / bash script (they are all sort of the same thing in many ways).

To get the same information from CLI use:

$ upower -i $(upower -e | grep -i UPS)
  native-path:          /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:14.0/usb1/1-1/1-1.2/1-1.2:1.0/usbmisc/hiddev2
  vendor:               CPS
  model:                CP550HGa
  serial:               BFBB104#BI1.g
  power supply:         yes
  updated:              Fri 12 Jul 2019 06:35:56 PM MDT (12 seconds ago)
  has history:          yes
  has statistics:       yes
    present:             yes
    state:               fully-charged
    warning-level:       none
    time to empty:       25.5 minutes
    percentage:          100%
    icon-name:          'battery-full-charged-symbolic'

Then to narrow it down to percentage use:

$ upower -i $(upower -e | grep -i UPS) | grep -i percentage
    percentage:          100%

Then to extract the second column use:

$ upower -i $(upower -e | grep -i UPS) | grep -i percentage | cut -d':' -f2

Then to extract only digits and eliminate leading spaces and trailing % use:

$ upower -i $(upower -e | grep -i UPS) | grep -i percentage | sed 's/[^0-9]*//g'

Now assign what you want to a variable and display it:

$ PERCENT=$(upower -i $(upower -e | grep -i UPS) | grep -i percentage | sed 's/[^0-9]*//g')
$ echo $PERCENT

Next step is to write a script something like this


while true; do
    PERCENT=$(upower -i $(upower -e | grep -i UPS) | grep -i percentage \
        | sed 's/[^0-9]*//g')
    if [[ "$PERCENT" -lt 50 ]] ; then
        # email my cell phone
        mail -s "Electricity grid has shut down, run home"
        # text my cell phone
        curl -X POST --data-urlencode \
            phone="999-333-4567" --data-urlencode \
            message="Electricity grid has shot down, run home" -d key=textbelt
    sleep 300 # Sleep for 5 minutes to reduce resource usage

This is a script I would use, in your case adapt it to hibernate (I have a laptop so I never hibernate). My UPS is for window fan, not laptop which has it’s own battery and is suspended when I’m at work. Technology can be used differently by different people.

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