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Tag : file-format  
Link: πŸ” See Original Answer on Ask Ubuntu πŸ”—

URL: https://askubuntu.com/q/1188178
Title: Why do some applications have files with no extension?
ID: /2019/11/12/Why-do-some-applications-have-files-with-no-extension_
Created: November 12, 2019
Upload: November 24, 2022    Layout:  post
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90% of the filenames circled are all uppercase letters. This is addressed in our sister-site Software Engineering:

All-uppercase letters stand out and make the file easily visible which makes sense because it is probably the first thing a new user would want to look at. (Or, at least, should have looked at…) As others have already said, file names starting with a capital letter will be listed before lower-case names in ASCIIbetical sorting (LC_COLLATE=C) which helps make the file visible at a first glance.

The README file is part of a bunch of files a user of a free software package would normally expect to find. Others are INSTALL (instructions for building and installing the software), AUTHORS (list of contributors), COPYING (license text), HACKING (how to get started for contributing, maybe including a TODO list of starting points), NEWS (recent changes) or ChangeLog (mostly redundant with version control systems).

This is what the GNU Coding Standards have to say about the README file.

The distribution should contain a file named README with a general overview of the package:

Developers interested in file naming conventions should visit Software Engineering site.

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