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Tags: 16.04   suspend   cpu   temperature   conky  
Link: 🔍 See Original Answer on Ask Ubuntu 🔗

URL: https://askubuntu.com/q/876732
Title: Bash script to sleep at given CPU temperature ~ update for 16.04
ID: /2017/01/27/Bash-script-to-sleep-at-given-CPU-temperature-~-update-for-16.04
Created: January 27, 2017    Edited:  April 13, 2017
Upload: November 24, 2022    Layout:  post
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On my system every time sensors is run there is a stutter in video streaming. Having this happen every 10 seconds or however often proposed script is run would drive me bat crazy. A better solution to suspend would be using Intel’s thermald and Powerclamp to slow down the CPU in order to reduce heat. I’ve written this answer for another question (Stop cpu from overheating) and am copying here for convenience.

Additionally the above script relies on temp1 which is often corrupted on my Ubuntu 16.04 and only temp3 is 100% reliable which doesn’t show up on sensors. ie:

$ cat /sys/class/thermal/thermal_zone*/temp
27800
29800
58000

and from sensors:

acpitz-virtual-0
Adapter: Virtual device
temp1:        +27.8°C  (crit = +106.0°C)
temp2:        +29.8°C  (crit = +106.0°C)

This happens after suspend/resume. The REAL temperature is +58.0°C but is falsely reported as +27.8°C after resuming. So the heat protection would only work once to suspend and never work again until a reboot. So the system would hit critical (+106.0°C) at which point a hard power off is performed and data can be corrupted.

So here’s my recommended solution to prevent overheating and utilizing CPU slow down rather than outright system suspend.

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Slow down CPU to reduce heat

This works for Ubuntu 16.04+ with Intel Sandy Bridge and newer processors.

From (wiki.debian.org -thermald) is Debian’s (used by Ubuntu) write up about thermald, a Linux daemon for cooling tablets and laptops. Once the system temperature reaches a certain threshold, the Linux daemon activates various cooling methods to cool the system.

Linux thermal daemon (thermald) monitors and controls temperature in laptops, tablets PC with the latest Intel sandy bridge and latest Intel CPU releases. Once the system temperature reaches a certain threshold, the Linux daemon activates various cooling methods to try to cool the system.

It operates in two modes:

Zero Configuration Mode

User defined configuration mode

How to install

apt-get install thermald

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Intel Powerclamp

Intel’s Powerclamp driver is defined here (kernel.org - Intel Power Clamp.txt) and is part of thermald described above. A direct quote for Powerclamp from the link:

Consider the situation where a system’s power consumption must be
reduced at runtime, due to power budget, thermal constraint, or noise
level, and where active cooling is not preferred. Software managed
passive power reduction must be performed to prevent the hardware
actions that are designed for catastrophic scenarios.

Currently, P-states, T-states (clock modulation), and CPU offlining
are used for CPU throttling.

On Intel CPUs, C-states provide effective power reduction, but so far
they’re only used opportunistically, based on workload. With the
development of intel_powerclamp driver, the method of synchronizing
idle injection across all online CPU threads was introduced. The goal
is to achieve forced and controllable C-state residency.

Test/Analysis has been made in the areas of power, performance,
scalability, and user experience. In many cases, clear advantage is
shown over taking the CPU offline or modulating the CPU clock.


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How do you know Powerclamp is running?

Powerclamp might only show itself once a year when your fan vents get too much dust & lint. So how do you know it’s actually running in the background? Use:

lsmod | grep intel

And you should see a list similar to this:

btintel                16384  1 btusb
bluetooth             520192  29 bnep,btbcm,btrtl,btusb,rfcomm,btintel
intel_rapl             20480  0
intel_powerclamp       16384  0
   (.... more intel drivers ....)
snd                    81920  18 snd_hwdep,snd_timer,snd_hda_codec_hdmi,snd_hda_codec_idt,snd_pcm,snd_seq,snd_rawmidi,snd_hda_codec_generic,snd_hda_codec,snd_hda_intel,snd_seq_device

If you see intel_rapl and intel_powerclamp you know it’s working and simply waiting temps to exceed 85C.


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Powerclamp in action displayed by Conky

Here is a screen shot when Powerclamp injects sleep cycles:

Kidie Injection

Normally on this system CPU clock speed is 2400 Mhz to 3400 Mhz when watching HTML5 video and 10 Chrome tabs open. Normally CPU utilization is about 9% to 12% across 8 CPUs. When things get too hot (86C) Powerclamp kicks in and this happens:

The Powerclamp driver runs until temps drop below 85C again. While the driver is running you might have split second pausing in your videos and possibly split second keyboard and mouse lag.


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Disable Intel Turbo Boost

Back in the “cool old days” of Ubuntu 14.04 Intel Turbo Boost was broken so my processor speed fluctuated between 1200 Mhz and 2400 Mhz. After upgrade to Ubuntu 16.04 it would go up to 3400 Mhz (3.4 Ghz) because Turbo Boost was finally working. But it also raised the heat.

To disable Intel Turbo Boost use:

echo "1" | sudo tee /sys/devices/system/cpu/intel_pstate/no_turbo

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⇧ HDMI monitor not detected by laptop after unplugging and plugging back in Stop cpu from overheating  ⇩