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Tags: 16.04   configuration   performance   cpu   conky  
Link: 🔍 See Original Answer on Ask Ubuntu 🔗

URL: https://askubuntu.com/q/942843
Title: Disable hyper threading in Ubuntu
ID: /2017/08/04/Disable-hyper-threading-in-Ubuntu
Created: August 4, 2017    Edited:  November 15, 2021
Upload: November 24, 2022    Layout:  post
TOC: true    Navigation:  true    Copy to clipboard:  false


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Introduction

This is an interesting question. Probably one of the most interesting in months for me personally. Like the OP there is no option for disabling Hyper Threading in my old BIOS (invented 2012, updated 2016 or so).

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Table of Contents

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Hyper-Threading bugs in Intel Skylake and Kaby Lake:

Anyone using Intel Skylake or Kaby Lake processors must read
the bug reports about Hyper Threading that surfaced a couple months
ago. This UK Register story spells out how Debian Developers
spotted how Hyper Threading can crash and corrupt the machine.

There are numerous problems with Skylake reported in Ask Ubuntu over the last year and one wonders how to discern which problems may have been caused by Hyper Threading bugs.

This answer is divided into three parts:


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Display of CPUs when Hyper-Threading is turned off/on

Below you can see the CPU utilization when hyper-threading is turned off and a CPU stress test is performed. About 10 seconds later the same script is repeated with hyper threading turned on. Finally 10 seconds after that the script is run with hyper-threading turned off again:

Set Hyper Threading noht

The display is divided into two sections:

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First script run Hyper Threading off

The first time the script is run CPU Numbers 2, 4, 6 & 8 (according to Conky) are frozen at 3%, 2%, 2% and 2%. CPU Numbers 1, 3, 5 and 7 spike to 100% while stress test is run.

The CPU topology is displayed with hyper-threading turned off and only the four cores reported:

/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/topology/core_id:0
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu2/topology/core_id:1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu4/topology/core_id:2
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu6/topology/core_id:3

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Second script run Hyper Threading on

The second time the script is run Hyper-Threading is turned on and all CPU Numbers 1-8 spike to 100% while stress test is run.

The CPU topology is displayed with hyper-threading turned on and only the four cores plus and four virtual cores reported:

/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/topology/core_id:0
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/topology/core_id:0
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu2/topology/core_id:1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu3/topology/core_id:1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu4/topology/core_id:2
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu5/topology/core_id:2
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu6/topology/core_id:3
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu7/topology/core_id:3

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Third script run Hyper Threading off

Note how after the second script ends CPUs 2, 4, 6 and 8 are idling at 4%, 2%, 3%, 4%. This is important because in the third test turning Hyper-Threading off shows those CPU percentages frozen at 4%, 2%, 3%, 4% rather than 3%, 2%, 2% and 2% from the first test.

Therefore turning off hyper-threading seems to just freeze the virtual CPUs at the current state.

Also note no matter if you turn Hyper-Threading on or off the script still displays “Hyper Threading Supported”.


Bash script to automate turning hyper-threading off/on

When viewing the script below keep in mind that Conky numbers the CPUs from 1 to 8 but Linux numbers the CPUs from 0 to 7.

#!/bin/bash
    
# NAME: set-hyper-threading
# PATH: /usr/local/bin
# DESC: Turn Hyper threading off or on.
    
# DATE: Aug. 5, 2017.
    
# NOTE: Written Part of testing for Ubuntu answer:
#       https://askubuntu.com/questions/942728/disable-hyper-threading-in-ubuntu/942843#942843
    
# PARM: 1="0" turn off hyper threading, "1" turn it on.
    
if [[ $# -ne 1 ]]; then
    echo 'One argument required. 0 to turn off hyper-threading or'
    echo '1 to turn hyper-threading back on'
    exit 1
fi
    
echo $1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/online
echo $1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu3/online
echo $1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu5/online
echo $1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu7/online
    
grep "" /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu*/topology/core_id
    
grep -q '^flags.*[[:space:]]ht[[:space:]]' /proc/cpuinfo && \
    echo "Hyper-threading is supported"
    
grep -E 'model|stepping' /proc/cpuinfo | sort -u
    
stress --cpu 8 --io 1 --vm 1 --vm-bytes 128M --timeout 10s

NOTE: The program stress is built into all Debian systems which Ubuntu is a derivative of. Therefore you don’t have to download and install any packages to run this script in Ubuntu.

If you have a dual core CPU you need to remove (or comment out with #) the lines controlling CPU numbers 5 and 7.

Credit to Hi-Angel for bash line grep "" /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu*/topology/core_id displaying CPU topology.


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Conky Crashes if Hyper Threading is turned off before it starts

To get CPUs 2, 4, 6, 8 to lowest percent utilization possible I tried turning off Hyper-Threading during boot up. I used this script to do that:

# NAME: /etc/cron.d/turn-off-hyper-threading
# DATE: Auguust 5, 1017
# DESC: This turns off CPU 1, 3, 5 & 7
# NOTE: Part of testing for Ubuntu answer:
#       https://askubuntu.com/questions/942728/disable-hyper-threading-in-ubuntu/942843#942843
# BUGS: Conky crashes with Segmentation Fault when CPU 2,4,6 & 8 (as conky calls them)
#       are off-line.
#
SHELL=/bin/sh
PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin
#
# @reboot   root    echo 0 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/online
# @reboot   root    echo 0 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu3/online
# @reboot   root    echo 0 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu5/online
# @reboot   root    echo 0 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu7/online

However conky crashes with a segmentation fault if hyper-threading is turned off when it starts up. As such I had to comment out the four @reboot lines in the script.

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Conky Code to display CPU percent utilization and load factor

If you are interested in setting up a similar display in Conky here is the relevant code snippet:

${color orange}${voffset 2}${hr 1}
${color2}${voffset 5}Intel® i-7 3630QM 3.4 GHz: ${color1}@  ${color green}${freq} MHz   
${color}${goto 13}CPU 1 ${goto 81}${color green}${cpu cpu1}% ${goto 131}${color3}${cpubar cpu1 18}
${color}${goto 13}CPU 2 ${goto 81}${color green}${cpu cpu2}% ${goto 131}${color3}${cpubar cpu2 18}
${color}${goto 13}CPU 3 ${goto 81}${color green}${cpu cpu3}% ${goto 131}${color3}${cpubar cpu3 18}
${color}${goto 13}CPU 4 ${goto 81}${color green}${cpu cpu4}% ${goto 131}${color3}${cpubar cpu4 18}
${color}${goto 13}CPU 5 ${goto 81}${color green}${cpu cpu5}% ${goto 131}${color3}${cpubar cpu5 18}
${color}${goto 13}CPU 6 ${goto 81}${color green}${cpu cpu6}% ${goto 131}${color3}${cpubar cpu6 18}
${color}${goto 13}CPU 7 ${goto 81}${color green}${cpu cpu7}% ${goto 131}${color3}${cpubar cpu7 18}
${color}${goto 13}CPU 8 ${goto 81}${color green}${cpu cpu8}% ${goto 131}${color3}${cpubar cpu8 18}
${color1}All CPU ${color green}${cpu}% ${goto 131}${color1}Temp: ${color green}${hwmon 2 temp 1}°C ${goto 250}${color1}Up: ${color green}$uptime
${color green}$running_processes ${color1}running of ${color green}$processes ${color1}loaded processes.
Load Avg. 1-5-15 minutes: ${alignr}${color green}${execpi .001 (awk '{printf "%s/", $1}' /proc/loadavg; grep -c processor /proc/cpuinfo;) | bc -l | cut -c1-4} ${execpi .001 (awk '{printf "%s/", $2}' /proc/loadavg; grep -c processor /proc/cpuinfo;) | bc -l | cut -c1-4} ${execpi .001 (awk '{printf "%s/", $3}' /proc/loadavg; grep -c processor /proc/cpuinfo;) | bc -l | cut -c1-4}
${color1}NVIDIA  ${color}-GPU ${color green}${nvidia gpufreq} Mhz  ${color}-Memory ${color green}${nvidia memfreq} Mhz
${color1}GT650M ${color}-Temp ${color green}${nvidia temp}°C  ${color}-Threshold ${color green}${nvidia threshold}°C
${color orange}${voffset 2}${hr 1}

NOTE: The full conky resource file can be found on Setting to High Performance.

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