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Tags: software-recommendation   hardware   hardware-test   conky  
Link: πŸ” See Original Answer on Ask Ubuntu πŸ”—

URL: https://askubuntu.com/q/1038711
Title: How do I check system health?
ID: /2018/05/21/How-do-I-check-system-health_
Created: May 21, 2018    Edited:  October 12, 2020
Upload: November 24, 2022    Layout:  post
TOC: false    Navigation:  false    Copy to clipboard:  false


Electronics generally work 100% or zero percent. Mechanical devices such as hard drives do have indicators of impending failure as per SMART reporting which you already know about.

Fans

Fans have impending failure indicators but that is based on your hearing and listening for indicators such as oscillating speeds, squealing bearings, etc.

CPU

Another potential indicator of a degrading fan is CPU heat level. On a laptop means fan exhaust vents are clogged or RPM is too low. It could also mean CPU / motherboard needs a dust cleaning with compressed air (don’t use your breath which contains moisture). It could also mean your CPU heat sink needs to be reseated with new thermal paste.

RAM

If your machine locks up and display a bad memory error you can test your RAM following these instructions: How to check for errors in RAM via linux?.

If the RAM checker finds a bad memory block you can blacklist it using these instructions: Is there a way of limiting the Kernel's memory manager to use only 75% of memory?

NVMe PCIe M.2 Gen 3.0 x 4 (or 2) SSD

If you have an SSD they’re life span is measured in trillions of writes. Your SMART utility already measures SSD life but not for NVMe SSDs. For that you need nvme-cli. To install it use:

sudo apt install nvme-cli

Next gather information available from SSD:

$ sudo nvme smart-log /dev/nvme0
Smart Log for NVME device:nvme0 namespace-id:ffffffff
critical_warning                    : 0
temperature                         : 40 C
available_spare                     : 100%
available_spare_threshold           : 10%
percentage_used                     : 0%
data_units_read                     : 12,539,332
data_units_written                  : 10,623,582
host_read_commands                  : 281,194,884
host_write_commands                 : 96,528,713
controller_busy_time                : 672
power_cycles                        : 1,677
power_on_hours                      : 687
unsafe_shutdowns                    : 105
media_errors                        : 0
num_err_log_entries                 : 279
Warning Temperature Time            : 0
Critical Composite Temperature Time : 0
Temperature Sensor 1                : 40 C
Temperature Sensor 2                : 51 C
Temperature Sensor 3                : 0 C
Temperature Sensor 4                : 0 C
Temperature Sensor 5                : 0 C
Temperature Sensor 6                : 0 C
Temperature Sensor 7                : 0 C
Temperature Sensor 8                : 0 C

The most important field is Percentage used which shows as 0%. This isn’t disk usage percent but life used percent. The drive was purchased in October 2017 and it was still 0% in December 2018. The Percentage used hit 1% on October 2020. At this rate the NVMe SSD lifespan will be 300 years. Of course it will be obsolete well before then…

System Monitor on desktop with conky

Many people like to show their system status (and health) on a portion of their desktop. I like to keep my Conky running on the right 20% of my primary monitor:

Conky all.gif

Note: The 97% CPU usage on single CPU is caused by screen recorder itself.

To learn more about conky and CPU usage see: How do I stress test CPU and RAM (at the same time)?

⇧ What software is in the Canonical Partners repository? Battery icon not showing in Ubuntu 18.04  β‡©